An ‘apology’ is, strictly, a defence—as Newman's Apologia pro Vita Sua (1864): A Defence of his Life—and there are many instances of apologetic in both OT and NT. Thus, Isa. 40–55 extols the transcendence of the God of Israel and compares him with the nonentities of the heathen. And both Philo and Josephus [[➝ Josephus, Flavius]] wrote to commend Judaism to pagans; at Alexandria Philo maintained that the Hebrew tradition was as ancient and respectable as Hellenism, and in Rome Josephus explained in his many works that the Jewish rebellion was instigated by a small group of fanatics.
The Acts, equally, has an apologetic purpose, though it may not be the primary aim of the book. But, as in the third gospel, where the centurion at the foot of the cross declares Jesus to be ‘innocent’, so in the Acts Christians are shown to be law-abiding citizens of the Roman Empire. If they are prosecuted, it is because there are Jews doing what they can to impede the progress of the gospel. Roman magistrates (like Gallio and others) are shown to be friendly to Paul, who can boast proudly of his Roman citizenship, and make use of it (Acts 22:27).
There are apologetic interests in the gospels, as when Matthew repeatedly adduces OT texts which have in his view been fulfilled in Jesus.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • apologetic — APOLOGÉTIC, Ă, apologetici, ce, adj., s.f. 1. adj. Care conţine o apologie, care ţine de apologie. 2. s.f. Sistem (adesea neîntemeiat) de apărare sau de justificare a unei idei, doctrine etc. 3. s.f. Parte a teologiei care are ca scop apărarea… …   Dicționar Român

  • Apologetic — A*pol o*get ic, Apologetical A*pol o*get ic*al, a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to speak in defense of; ? from + ? speech, ? to say, to speak. See {Logic}.] Defending by words or arguments; said or written in defense, or by way of apology; regretfully excusing; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • apologetic — index contrite, palliative (excusing), penitent, remorseful, repentant Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • apologetic — (adj.) 1640s, vindicatory, from Fr. apologétique, from L. apologeticus, from Gk. apologetikos defensible, from apologeisthai (see APOLOGY (Cf. apology)). Meaning regrefully acknowledging failure is from 1855. As a noun, formal defense, from early …   Etymology dictionary

  • apologetic — [adj] expressing remorse, regret atoning, attritional, compunctious, conciliatory, contrite, expiatory, explanatory, on one’s knees*, penitent, penitential, propitiatory, regretful, remorseful, repentant, rueful, selfeffacing, self incriminating …   New thesaurus

  • apologetic — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ regretfully acknowledging an offence. DERIVATIVES apologetically adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • apologetic — [ə päl΄ə jet′ik] adj. [Fr apologétique < LL(Ec) apologeticus < Gr apologētikos, suitable for defense < apologeisthai: see APOLOGY] 1. defending in writing or speech; vindicating 2. showing realization of and regret for a fault, wrong,… …   English World dictionary

  • apologetic — adj. VERBS ▪ be, feel, look, sound ADVERB ▪ extremely, fairly, very, etc. ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • apologetic — a|pol|o|get|ic [əˌpɔləˈdʒetık US əˌpa: ] adj showing or saying that you are sorry that something has happened, especially because you feel guilty or embarrassed about it apologetic about ▪ The manager was very apologetic about everything. ▪ She… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • apologetic — adj. apologetic about, for (she was apologetic for her blunder) * * * [əˌpɒlə dʒetɪk] for (she was apologetic for her blunder) apologetic about …   Combinatory dictionary

  • apologetic — [[t]əpɒ̱ləʤe̱tɪk[/t]] ADJ GRADED If you are apologetic, you show or say that you are sorry for causing trouble for someone, for hurting them, or for disappointing them. The hospital staff were very apologetic but that couldn t really compensate …   English dictionary

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